The mihi is an acknowledgement,
The pepeha is the way to introduce yourself in Maori.
This is a general pepeha. The format can be explained as:
The Mountain was seen first from sea, another words land has been found.
Then the Awa that landed the waka into land
From the Waka came the Iwi
From the Iwi came te Hapū
From the Hāpu came te Marae
From the Marae/Whare Karakia/Community Hall came te Whanau (you)
Tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou, tēnā tātou katoa
Ko_____________ te Maunga / Mauka
Ko_____________ te Awa / Roto / Moana (Water source)
Ko_____________ te Waka
Ko_____________ te Iwi
Ko_____________ te Hāpu
Ko_____________ te Marae (or your whare karakia / community hall)
Ko _______ rātou ko _______, ko _______, ko _______ ōku tūpuna.
Ko _______ rāua ko _______ ōku mātua.
Ko_____________ tōku ingoa / ikoa.
E __________ ōku tau. (This is the sentence structure you use if you are 2-9 y/o)
__________ ōku tau. (This is the sentence structure you use if you are 10 - 13 y/o)
Nō reira, tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou, tēnā tātou katoa
Before you begin writing your pepeha, you need to sit down with your parents and/or grandparents to decide which family line you are going to follow. Points to consider are:
- Do I have a parent/grandparent/great grandparent from NZ?
Are they from the North Island or the South Island?
If my family origins are from another country what do I do?
which parent you would like to acknowledge and go with that country.
In this case, you will also need to acknowledge the Kai Tahu(South
Island tribe) dialect as you go to school in the South Island so for
mountain you would use 'Mauka' and for your name you would use
PLEASE DO NOT HESITATE TO EMAIL OR COME AND SEE ME SHOULD YOU REQUIRE ANY ASSISTANCE WITH YOUR PEPEHA,
This is the mountain or hill(Puke) where your ancestors of about 4-5 generations ago settled. This may be here in NZ or their country of origin.
It is not the mountain that you are currently living near or just happen to ski/snowboard down each year.
Awa / Roto / Moana (Water source):
This is the river/lake/sea that feeds either from your mountain/hill or is geographically close to your mountain and settlement area of your ancestors. Your family's water source provided food and a way to stay clean. It played an important part in our family's life in being able to survive. This is why we acknowledge it.
This is the ship your family came out to NZ on. It is not the AIRLINE they came out on.
Your iwi is the group of people you identify with. If you are of Māori descent you will have a tribe. If one of your parents are a caucasian New Zealander, you will record 'PĀKEHĀ' as your iwi. If your family originates from another country, you will list the Māori translation of the name of that country(see http://maoridictionary.co.nz/ )
Your hapū is your kinship group, clan, tribe/subtribe. It consisted of a number of whānau sharing descent from a common ancestor, usually being named after the ancestor, but sometimes from an important event in the group's history. If you are not of Māori descent, record your clan or family name from your paternal side.
If you are of Māori descent, you will have a Marae.
If you are not of Māori descent, you will need to research for your 'Turangawaewae'(standing, place where one has the right to stand - place where one has rights of residence and belonging through kinship and whakapapa/family tree)within your family's settlement town. This maybe a church(whare Karakia) or a town community hall(wharenui). IT CANNOT BE A PUB or TAVERN!
Ōku Tūpuna / Mātua / tōku pāpā / tōku māmā:
Your tūpuna are your biological grandparents and ancestors. It is important to acknowledge the bloodlines of your family tree. This is why you MUST record the BIRTH NAMES of BOTH your grandparents/parents and NOT just the PATERNAL surnames.
a=(AH) e=(AIR) i=(EE) o=(OR) u=(OO)
ā=(AAHH) ē=(AIRRR) ī=(EEEE) ō=(ORRR) ū=(OOOO)
Ko = (KOR)
te = (TEAR)
Maunga = (MOW-NGAH) Mauka = (MOW-KAH)
Awa = (AH-WAH) Roto = (RAW-TOR) Moana = (MOR-AH-NAH)
Waka = (WAH-KAH)
Iwi - (EE-WEE)
Hapū - (HAH-POOOO)
Marae - (MAR-RYE) Whare Karakia = (FAR-REAR) (KAH-RAH-KEE-AH)
Wharenui = (FAR-REAR-NOO-EE)
rātou = (RAAHH-TOE)
rāua = (RAAHH-OO-AH)
ōku = (ORRR-KOO)
tōku = (TORRR-KOO)
tūpuna = (TOOO-POO-NAH)
mātua = (MAAHH-TOO-AH)
pāpā = (PAAHH-PAAHH)
māmā = (MAAHH-MAAHH)
ahau = (AH-HOE)
au = (OH)
E = (AIR)
tau = (TOE)
5 = (REE-MAH)
6 = (OR-NOR)
7 = (FEE-TOO)
8 = (WAH-ROO)
9 = (EE-WAH)
10 = (TEAR-KOH)
11 = (TEAR-KOH) (MAH) (TAR-HEE)
12 = (TEAR-KOH) (MAH) (ROO-AH)
13 = (TEAR-KOH) (MAH) (TOR=ROO)
He ākonga ahau i te kura o Kāmuriwai.
(HAIR) (AAHH-KOR-NGAH) (AH-HOE) (EE) (TEAR) (KOO-RAH) (OR) (KAAHH-MOO-REE-WAH)